What does a Real-Time Artist do?

Photo by Mateo Vrbnjak on Unsplash

First things first, what is Realtime? In laymen’s terms Realtime is a technique used for rendering; the process involved in generating 2D or 3D imagery from a model within an application.

Rendering –

Rendering is made up by the Pre-Rendering (otherwise known as offline rendering) and Realtime-Rendering. The obvious difference between the two being the speed it takes to compute and finalise images.

For example:

Pre-rendering is a technique used in environments where speed is not a concern (film). Whereas Realtime-rendering is a technique used in interactive graphics and gaming where images must be created at a fast pace to creating the illusion of a live experience (gaming) – hence its name

Realtime rendering –

For a Realtime artist to create a realistic user experience for the viewer to interact with, they have to make sure the software is generating 60 frames per second (FPS). That means the full final image seen by the viewer (from simulation, to integration, to render) has to be generated in less than 1/60th of a second! If the visuals are updating that quickly then it can be classified as responding in ‘Realtime’ to the users input.

This style of rendering being the advanced approach it is, there are many companies that use dedicated graphics hardware in order to keep up with industry standard. Realtime graphics is predominantly being used in gaming but more recently in other industries too such as real estate for architectural visualisation.

The three main components that make up real-time are the application the geometry and the rasterizing stages which combined create life like 3D representations of images. Without trying to get too technical, the workflow should look something like this:

1. The application part of the process is when the software makes changes to the scene where necessary, i.e. in reaction to user interaction, outside animation in the scene.

2. The geometry stage manipulates polygons and vertices to compute what, where and how to draw things.

Transformation is the general term for the ways that a point, line or shape is manipulated by a model/CG element which makes up most of this stage.

For example:

  • Model and View – This is a transformation where by the model is transformed onto multiple different coordinate systems before shown on the output device.
  • Lighting – Another transformation in which one or more light sources is created in the environment to make it more realistic, reacting with surfaces (commonly known as shaders) and CG elements.
  • Projection – A transformation that mimics the effects of distance from a 3D world into a 2D format.

Then you have clipping and screen mapping; the process that removes primitives outside of the players view and maps the coordinates of the players surroundings.

3. And finally, the rasterization stages where the software works turns the graphic elements into pixels and applies colour.

The difference between Real-time artists and 3D artists –

The main difference between a 2D/3D artist and a real-time Artist is that to work in ‘real-time’ you need to be a programmer in some context. Although this does make it challenging it’s also been said it’s what makes the job exiting – the complex relationship between technology, maths and art!

Duties –

As Real Time Artist you will be responsible for all aspects of the real time workflow. You will be working on all aspects of design process from initial concepts to final designs, meaning you day to day is likely to consist of the following:

  • Working closely with other artists and designers and programmers to implement Art Director’s vision.
  • Creating convincing Real-Time VFX throughout all stages of the development process, from conception to completion.
  • Maintaining consistently high-quality visuals across a range of effects, from vast environments to small CG objects – and everything in between.
  • Optimizing effects to run efficiently whilst maintaining high visual quality.

Some of the things your manager might expect you to have:

  • A keen eye for detail and ability to break down existing effects
  • The ability to show initiative and stay motived
  • Capable of problem solving when required
  • A keen interest in developing you real-time VFX skills

What you need to start your career –

To start with you need some of the industry tools. Below I have listed some of hardware and software that is used in the production of real-time graphics.

Software:

  • An Image editing software (Photoshop)
  • A 3D package (Maya, Houdini, Cinema 4D, 3Ds Max, Blender etc.)
  • A Game engine (Unreal engine 4 or Unity – these are most commonly used)
  • A volumetric fluid simulation tool (EmberGen)

Hardware:

  • A desktop work station with a decent hardware
  • Drawing tablets can be useful for stylised hand painted effects but not essential

And then there are some more advanced plugins for your software’s that again, are not essential, but may be useful once you master the craft…

Plug-ins:

  • Fume FX
  • Realflow
  • FDFX slate editor
  • JangaFX Vector field generator

Useful links –

To round off this week’s what does a … do? I thought it would be useful to include some links with some of the fundamentals of starting out in the industry, i.e. a real-time VFX dictionary and some tutorials around artistic principles.

Real-time VFX dictionary – https://realtimevfx.com/t/realtime-vfx-dictionary-project/570

Tutorials – https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQD_sA-R5qVKVYw3EVuRT7fSJsVukLEhD

Let us know what you think!

Any questions about unanswered questions around what a Real-Time artist does? Start the conversation by reaching out to us – info@yellowcat.london

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